The commits panel lists recent commits and provides extensive rebasing operations on them. It also allows to work with the git reflog, a powerful way to undo certain git operations.

Series index

lazygit with commits panel highlighted

Overview

The commits panel is the fourth panel from the top and thus has the hotkey 4.

The commits panel

In the above screenshot, the panel shows all recent commits of the checked out branch.

The commits panel operates on both the commits themselves and on the objects it contains. On the second tab, it provides an interface to the git reflog.

It offers a variety of actions in these areas, let's go through them.

Working with commits

As with all other panels, navigate through the commits using and .

To display the contents of a commit, press . This will show a list of files that have been changed, and the respective diff on the right-hand side. Pressing enter again will focus the diff.

This opens a whole word of editing commits and patches that we'll be looking into in a different section.

Here are some of my common actions I do in that panel:

Amending commits

With staged changes in your files panel, you can amend it to any commit you selected it with A. Amending commits earlier than the latest commit will result in lazygit doing a rebase for you.

Squash and fixup

A lot of fun can be had in the panel with its rebasing capabilities.

Squash a commit down into the next neighbor (keeping its commit message) with s. Similarly, fixup f folds the commit down, discarding the commit's log message.

To create a new fixup commit for the selected commit, using the stages changes, use F. This will keep the new commit until you manually rebase with --autosquash, or you can use S to squash all fixup commits above the selected commit.

Changing order

Lazygit provides an easy way to move and reorder commits by doing a rebase for you. Keep in mind that this might result in conflicts you need to resolve.

To move a commit down, use CTRL+j. To move up, use CTRL+k.

Editing commit messages

You can edit the commit message with lazygit with r, or with your external editor using uppercase R.

Cherry picking

To select one or multiple commits for cherry picking, use uppercaseC. You can then switch to another branch and apply them with v.

Reverting

To add a new commit that reverts the given commit, run t.

Deleting

You can delete the commit message with lazygit with d. A confirmation will be shown. Note that this will also result in a rebase if you're not deleting the top-most commit.

Commit files and patches

To show the contents of a commit, use the enter key . It replaces the panel with the contents of that commit, showing the files changed.

showing the contents of a commit

It behaves very similarly as the files section with a few interesting differences handling the commit's patches. Navigate the files and to change the focused file you work on.

When you entered the committed files of a commit and navigated to a file, press again to navigate to the selected file. This moves the focus to the main panel. Open the selected file with e or open it with o.

Deleting a change

With a file selected, you can delete the entire changes to that file with d. A confirmation dialog will be shown before the rebase takes place.

Creating custom patches

This is probably the most stunning feature of this entire panel. You can extract, remove, or reverse patches created from changes within this commit.

This warrants its own post later on, but we're briefly looking at it here. Think of a custom patch as a separate staging area, that you can add or remove files and hunks to.

To toggle an entire file for the custom patch, use . When within a file in the main section, add lines or hunks to the custom patch in the same fashion as described in the files panel.

The custom patch you're building is shown in the main section as a separate panel.

lazygit with custom patch

When you're done building the custom patch, type CTRL+p to open the custom patch menu.

lazygit with custom patch menu open

  • Reset patch cancel the custom patch, resetting any selections you've made
  • Apply patch Run git applywith the patch here (this won't do anything if the patch is from this commit)
  • Apply patch in reverse Run git apply --reverse with the patch here
  • Remove patch from original commit Removes the selected changes from this commit and discards it! (Results in rebase)
  • Move patch into new index Removes the selected changes from this commit and adds it to the stash (Results in rebase)
  • Move patch into new commit Removes the selected changes from this commit and adds a new commit with the changes. The commit message will be "Split from <this commit>"

Reflog tab

Move to the reflog tab with ]. It gives you a representation of the reflog similar to the commits panel itself.

From here, you can navigate and and restore an older version of the reflog with the space key .

Next post in series

Click here for the next post: Deep dive: stash panel